A sump pump is a common mean of water damage protection for years. They are an essential part of basement waterproofing. Having a sump pump installed in your basement can provide you with various benefits including the prevention of floods, water leaks, mold and pesticide infestations. Newly constructed, modern homes must have a sump pump installed as it is the best measure for protecting homes, especially in wet and snowy areas.

What is a Sump Pump and How Does it Work?

What is a Sump Pump?

To be more specific, a sump pump is a pump that is usually installed in the lowest part of the basement or crawlspace. Its main goal is to keep interiors such as basements or under-building areas dry. A sump pump does this by redirecting excess standing water away from the foundations of your home. It collects the water either through natural pathways or installed drains and then it takes it to drying and disposal areas such as sewers or yards.

How Does a Sump Pump Work?

A sump pump stands in a so-called sump pit. It is a hole with a gravel base dug in the deepest part of
your basement or crawlspace. It functions with an on and off system. The pump turns on after the water
collected in the pit gets to a certain level.

After turned on, the pump using the piping system carries the water to the appropriate draining area.
The main pipe also has a check-valve which insures that transported water doesn’t come back to the pit.
The valve proves also proves to have its benefits when the city sewer system overflows and starts to
push its water in your home.

The typical sump pump runs on a motor and is powered by electricity. To avoid electrocution, it is best
to install a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI). It is also recommended that you get a back-up
generator in case of power outages during storms and bad weather.

Types of Sump Pump

There are two types of sump pumps when it comes to the pump’s activation: manual and automatic. The manual ones aren’t that convenient for areas that are frequently exposed to rain and snow. The automatic sump pumps can function with a float activator or a pressure sensor. The latter activates the sump pump where there is more water than air pressure. The first one functions as same as your toilet tank. As the water rises, the mechanism is slowly pushed by a buoyant ball that floats on top of the water.

There are also two types of sump pumps when it comes to design: submersible and pedestal. The first one rests in water, has the pump at the bottom and the pipe at the top. It also has a flat screen or grate to prevent debris from entering. With this sump pump, water gets sucked through the grate and directed into the pipes. In pedestal sump pumps, the pump is out of the pit and far from the water. The excess water is sucked out by an inlet pipe which reaches to the bottom. Pedestal pumps are less expensive and louder than submersible ones.

Related Article: Most Common Sump Pump Problems 

About Aquamaster Plumbing

Aquamaster Drain, Plumbing & Waterproofing Inc. is your full-service plumbing and basement waterproofing company assisting the Greater Toronto Area residents. We offer services such as drain cleaning, basement waterproofing, sump pump installation, and more.

Posted by Fedor, Aquamaster Drain, Plumbing & Waterproofing Inc.