A leaky basement is a common problem in most homes. Your basement is vulnerable to water seepage because of its below-grade position. Did you know that 90% of basements will eventually leak? Your basement is vulnerable to water seepage because of its below-grade position.
Water leakage can cause mold and mildew to develop which is hazardous to your health, as well as major damage to the structural integrity of your home. Knowing the causes and preventing leaky basements are two of the most important things you can do to protect your family and the value of your home.
What Causes Leaky Basements?
Finding a basement leak can be tricky. However, in order to prevent the leak, it’s important to follow the source of water. So where is the water coming from? Here are the three sources from which water could be making its way into your home:
Do you open your basement windows in the summer to help ventilate the space? When you let warm, moist air come in contact with your basement walls and floors, it can cause it to “sweat.” This is due to the high humidity levels inside your basement because of poor ventilation.
2. Cracks in Your Foundation
Do you know if you have cracks in your foundation? If so, you can be sure that water will find them and make its way into your basement. In addition, did you know that water is even the cause of cracks themselves? Water can cause cracks in your foundations because of poor drainage in the soil.
3. Rain or Ground Water
Rain or groundwater is a major cause of water leaking into basements. When it rains or snows heavily, more water is absorbed into the ground. When the soil is saturated and can’t hold any more water, it can cause hydrostatic pressure under your home’s foundation. So, if there’s too much water in the soil around your home, it can find a way into your basement walls and floors.
How to Prevent a Leaky Basement?
Here are three strategies to keep water out of your basement:
1. Basement Waterproofing
There are two methods to basement waterproofing: external basement waterproofing and internal basement waterproofing.
- External basement waterproofing may involve repairing cracks, replacing the waterproofing membranes along with your foundations, or digging down to the footers of your foundation to locate all the problem areas.
- Internal basement waterproofing may involve repairing all cracks or breaks in your foundation wall, adding a waterproof membrane to the interior and replacing any defective weeping tiles.
2. Sump Pump Installation
A sump pump is the easiest and most effective way of protecting your basement. Sump pumps will automatically remove all water that collects in your basement to keep the area under your home’s foundation dry and prevent it from flooding.
3. Window Well Installation
Do you have a high level of soil against your foundation? If so, a window well can protect you against water seepage. A window well is a structure that is placed outside the basement so that it can keep water and soil away from the walls and windows. The main purpose of a window well is to keep your basement and moisture-free by collecting and draining water when it rains or snow.