For a home owner, having to deal with any form of damage or repair can be quite frustrating, time consuming and expensive. Thinking about water damage is a particularly frightening thought, as excess moisture can easily lead to mold and mildew, which can not only damage your home and belongings, but can be dangerous to your health. This is why many home renovation experts suggest you call a water damage restoration specialist for any amount of water damage.
The most popular area for water damage in any home is the basement. This makes sense, as it is lowest point in any home and most of the space is located underground. There are many ways water can get into your basement, but if you notice water seeping up through your basement floor, there are really only a handful of issues that can be causing this.
1. Leaky Pipes
If your basement is finished, you will have pipes concealed behind the walls. If one of these pipes has cracked or is leaking water can find its way under your floor. If the water is accumulating fast enough or if there is poor drainage, eventually this water will begin to seep up through your flooring.
To solve this issue, you must locate and repair the damaged pipe. Once you have the source of the water resolved, you must remove all the water damaged wall and flooring material and allow for the space to completely dry before fixing these areas. To help with these types of issues in the future, make sure to install a subflooring system that has built in channels to allow any water to flow freely to your drains.
2. Drain Complications
The drains built into your basement floor are meant to help divert any water that has gotten into your basement out and away from your home. When these drains become clogged, or even blocked or covered by finished flooring materials, they can’t do what they were designed to do. The water that would have gone down those drains, now sits below your floor and will eventually find its way up. The second potential issue with these drains, is that during severe storms water can actually backup the drains from the municipal sewer system and enter your basement. This can cause significant damage.
To make sure that you never have to deal with either of these issues, make sure your drains are clear and are not blocked by any furniture or building material, so that any water can flow freely out if need be. Have a backwater valve installed to prevent backups. These valves only allow water to flow one way, that’s out of your home. If the municipal sewer system does get backed up, your basement will remain dry, with a backwater valve installed on your main drain.
3. Water Saturated Ground
When it rains or when snow melts, this water is absorbed into the ground, and the ground can only take so much water before it becomes saturated. The water located in the ground is under an extreme amount of pressure, and as it pushes against your home’s foundation walls or up against your basement floor. This water can eventually make its way into your home as concrete (which most home foundations are made of) is porous.
If you see water seeping up through your floors after a major rain storm, or after a great amount of snow has melted, chances are this is ground water finding its way into your home.
Even though you can’t stop the ground around your home from absorbing water you can limit the amount of water that is found directly around your home. Making sure your gutters and downpipes are clear, will ensure the vast amounts of water that rolls off your roof does not end up directly around your house, it is directed away. For extra protection, install downspout extensions to ensure the water is led even further away from your home. Ensure the land around your home is sloped away from your home. Having to adjust your properties grading is no easy task, but well worth it if it prevents water entering your home. Finally, having a professional basement waterproofing system installed either on the exterior of your foundation walls or the interior will severely decrease the likelihood of water entering your basement. These systems incorporate a waterproof membrane to prevent water from entering your home, and weeping tile to draw any accumulated water away from your home.