BASEMENT WATERPROOFING TORONTO

Have you discovered evidence of water damage in your basement? Basement waterproofing is the solution whether you are buying or selling a property or just want to fix your home. We resolve all types of damp basement issues such as leaks, humidity, and musty odors to provide you with a dry and healthy basement. If you have recurring issues with leaking walls, seepage through the flooring, or cracks in the foundation of your home, you need a solution that will keep your basement dry all the time. You may want to consider either exterior or interior basement waterproofing.

Aquamaster Drain Plumbing & Waterproofing Inc. does more than just fix your wet basement problem. Our proven basement waterproofing process makes sure that your basement does not leak ever again. We do not make guesses about your leaks; our system is based on expertise and quality craftsmanship. We have more than 20 years of industry experience and more than 3,000 satisfied customers. We treat all of our customers as individuals and all of our work is fully guaranteed. We are the #1 trusted basement waterproofing Toronto company.

Learn more about our LIFETIME, TRANSFERABLE WARRANTY, provided with all of our waterproofing solutions and learn about our waterproofing processes.

Check out the video below to see our proven process for basement waterproofing the exterior walls of your foundation. This exterior basement waterproofing system is one of the methods we can use to permanently solve your leaking basement.

This video illustrates the waterproofing process of exterior foundation wall.

EXTERNAL BASEMENT WATERPROOFING SUMMARY

External waterproofing is the ideal solution to stem water damage, or to prevent excess water from getting past the foundation into the basement. However, external waterproofing does cause disruption to the outside of the home. The soil and underlying gravel have to be removed in order to get a close look at defects on the outside of the foundation.

Power washing and then power drying the foundation walls is the best way to detect hairline cracks or fissures. Once the problem areas are uncovered, then each problem is handled separately. A flexible, cement sealant is applied to all the exposed areas of the foundation, which adds extra support and protection to the concrete foundation by strengthening the existing walls. Then a heavy polyurethane drainage mat is attached to the exposed walls. This extra protection on the outside ensures the foundation will ward off any excess buildup of groundwater.

Outside drainage is another part of the waterproofing solution. Many homes still have the old-fashioned clay weeping tiles, which degrade and clog over time. Outdated drainage pipes are replaced with modern weeping tiles, which are made of plastic and perforated so they don’t clog as easily. Done correctly, external waterproofing will keep the foundation and basement watertight for decades.

We are going to demonstrate the best practices of basement waterproofing that have been tested, proven and working for many years for all our clients. We are not talking about magic waterproof paints, channel drain tiles that sit on top of the footing, molding drainage system and e.c. None of them completely, and more important properly solve the wet basement issue. Most of the waterproofing systems have been designed for easy installation, and not for how well they will perform. That little box of tricks doesn’t take you very far. In fact, it sometimes takes you nowhere.

The real best practice isn’t a particular product at all. It is a well-defined series of steps that conduct to effectively performing system.

The Aquamaster’s approach is significantly different from quick fixes. It’s not based on guesswork, and it doesn’t have the excitement and appeal of magic products. Our solid knowledge, craft, skill, and expertise prove that it always works.

THE AQUAMASTER METHODOLOGY

STEP 1: THE RULES OF THE SUCCESSFUL PROJECT: IDENTIFYING THE PROBLEMS, DEFINING YOUR LONG-TERM GOALS, AND MEASURING YOUR BUDGET.

  • We need to find out (not guess) which parts of your foundation are under performing. We need to clearly define the problem in order to assign the appropriate solution.
  • After detailed analysis of the problem we will come up with a proper solution that fits your budget.
  • You will clearly know how much money you’re going to spend now, and possibly in the future.

We try to stay away from quick fixes, and prefer to address the problem at its roots. It is more expensive, but you pay once – guaranteed. If however, you want a quick fix – we will help you. Although you do need to realize that it is only a temporary solution which won’t last long and possibility of spending again in the future is huge.

STEP 2: UNDERSTANDING THE HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE AND FOUNDATION DRAINAGE.

old weeping tilesBasements leak by various reasons, some of them are easy to identify and some are not. When it rains or snow melts lots of water travels against the foundation wall, and without proper waterproofing it quickly penetrates into the basement through foundation defects like cracks, tie-rod holes and others, as shown on picture below. Also the underground water table rises and creates hydrostatic pressure that forces water up through the basement floor. That is when weeping tile comes into action. Installed next to the footing it reliefs hydrostatic pressure and controls water table level. This is the reason why it is very important that weeping tile remains clean, free of dirt and tree roots.

Old-style weeping tiles are pieces of clay pipe align together with gaps in between; these gaps are entry points for water, but as water travels down through the soil it picks up sand, sediment and mud, which over time block the pipes. That is why we recommend using modern weeping tile, which is a perforated, corrugated plastic tube with cloth filter. Its design prevents weeping tile tube from getting blocked plus it absorbs much more water in shorter periods of time.

foundation analysis

TYPES OF FOUNDATIONS, STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES ANALYSIS.

There are 4 primary foundations: poured concrete, masonry, stone and concrete blocks. Each foundation has its core strengths and weaknesses. The type of foundation determines the methodology and materials to be used. Once the system is analyzed, strengths and weaknesses are assessed, and water entry points are identified, we are ready to focus on repair solutions.

STEP 3: TYPES OF WATERPROOFING SYSTEMS AND MAKING DECISIONS BASED ON OVERALL OVERVIEW.

We will describe two most advanced and proven systems: internal and external.

INTERNAL SYSTEM

Although interior water drainage is not technically waterproofing, it is a working technique in mitigating basement water. This technique involves removing a section of the basement concrete floor, usually about a foot wide, along the foundation wall. Then a trench is dug out where weeping tile is placed and drainage membrane is installed on the foundation wall. After that was done, trench is back filled with 3/4 grovel and new concrete is poured over it. Interior water drainage functions by draining underground water from underneath the basement floor and alongside the foundation footers. It then channels the water with a weeping tile pipe to a sump pump system, which will then pump the water from the basement outside. Wall conduits such as dimple boards or other membranes are fastened to the foundation wall and extend over the new drainage to guide any moisture down into the system.

interior drainage

EXTERNAL SYSTEM

As mentioned above the materials and methodology will depend on many factors. Herein is described a process of basement waterproofing for a house with poured concrete foundation.
This process consists of well-defined series of steps.

PREPARATION

Plants are removed to plastic containers with top soil while waterproofing process takes place.
Job area is protected with sheets of plywood, plastic tarps and “caution” signs.

small excavatorEXCAVATION

The process requires excavating soil along the foundation wall 4” below the top of the footing. Why exactly 4” you may ask? That is because the diameter of weeping tile that will be later placed along the footing is 4”. Once excavation is done and old weeping tiles are out, we start treating the foundation walls.

CLEANING THE WALLS

We power wash the walls and then dry them up using a propane torch. After that foundation walls are inspected for cracks, holes openings and are fixed with hydraulic cement. Cleaning the walls is a very important step; it is impossible to pinpoint all defects without it, also foundation sealant that is used after won’t stick properly and as a result the entire waterproofing system will eventually fail.

SEALING

fixing cracks with hydraulic cementWe now begin the sealing process that is exclusive to Aquamaster Drain Plumbing & Waterproofing Inc. Our first layer of protection is a cement based sealant. This material strengthens and hardens concrete walls by closing its pores. Then we apply a coating of elastomeric waterproofing membrane (polymer modified asphalt).

In contrary to the black tar this rubberized asphalt membrane is formulated to stay pliable. The great advantage of it is that even if the new cracks occur – elastomeric membrane will simply stretch and will continue to perform. Black tar has no flexibility at all and will crack with any foundation movement. Also black tar is rated as a damp-proofing not a waterproofing, it will slow down the penetration of water while, elastomerics will prevent the penetration completely. Unfortunately most home builders are still damp-proofing rather than waterproofing their foundations.

For our final layer of protection, we install a heavy gauge polyethylene dimpled drainage mat to the foundation wall using specially designed fasteners. This material does not tear providing reliable protection for the elastomeric membrane. The dimples create an air gap, so if moisture gets behind it, it quickly channels to the drain tile.

NEW FOOTING TILE INSTALLATION

We install the new perforated weeping tile with the “SOCK” filter on it. Clean outs are installed to provide access to the weeping tile pipe. Then we disconnect downspout pipes which will ensure that leafs and stones from the roof will not block the weeping tile, reducing the risk of flooding in the basement. You may also be eligible for rebates from the city of Toronto for doing that.

BACK FILL

Then we cover weeping tile with 3/4 gravel 16” on top. Many companies will use plywood to cut the trench in half. They will gravel on the house side of the wood and fill the other side with the excavated dirt. We fill the entire trench with river washed gravel as opposed to the less expensive limestone that most waterproofing contractors use. Limestone compacts which limits drainage. After that had been done we start back filling with previously excavated soil, constantly tamping it down during this process, as the result – minimum soil settling.

LANDSCAPING

landscapingFinally, the landscaping is restored. We use premium top soil when replanting previously removed plants. Aquamaster Drain Plumbing & Waterproofing Inc takes great effort in protecting your yard and landscaping during the process. All equipment is run on plywood, so damage is minimal. Often times it is hard to tell that we were ever on your property.

The work is complete now and you have a piece of mind that it was done properly, the best possible way. Proper waterproofing is a complex process. Few companies accomplish this in a timely manner, with minimal damage to the property, and little or no inconvenience to their customers. Superior attitude produce superior results.

WHY BASEMENT WATERPROOFING IS IMPORTANT?

Your property may be protected from a number of unfortunate situations by having foundation and basement waterproofing done. Other than catching fire and burning down, flooding in a basement is one of the worst accidents that can happen in a home. When foundations begin to fracture, water can enter the basement and damage the bases of the flooring and walls. In the worst-case scenario, it may even cause a home to collapse.

Basement waterproofing applies not just to basements but also the home’s foundations. Basement waterproofing is an essential fix if you have water, mildew, or rotting issues in your basement. Basement waterproofing can both solve any underlying issues in the space and be a preventative countermeasure against potential water damage.

PROTECTS STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF THE HOME

Another advantage of waterproofing your basement is that it strengthens the structure of your home. Take note: your basement acts as the foundation for your home. It must be robust enough to complete this task. Waterproofing may ensure that your home lasts a prolonged lifespan. This is especially true if your home frequently experiences severe weather or adverse temperatures.

INCREASES THE VALUE OF YOUR HOME

If you intend to sell your house in the near future, consider basement waterproofing. A home free of dampness and leaks is a crucial selling element for home buyers, making it more desirable. If you have not improved your basement in decades, buyers may consider it a significant inconvenience. This might give visitors a negative image of your home, especially if they smell the mustiness of old water. Distinct odors and signs of excess water can drive away potential buyers. Basements with waterproofing are also simpler to clean. This is another selling factor that can be desirable to future residents. Your home is more valuable if it is effectively protected and maintained. This adds more value to your home while you still live there and in the case that you do end up selling your home, a return on investment. In most circumstances, you may deduct the expenditures of the waterproofing job.

PREVENTS MOLD AND MILDEW

Mold can be a serious problem if it develops in your home. Mold will gradually destroy the area where it colonizes and has the potential to create health problems for your home’s inhabitants. People who suffer from Bronchitis are especially vulnerable to mold and poor air quality. Mold grows from small spores that are invisible to the human eye and can be found in both outdoor and indoor air. Mold can start growing inside if it is on a damp surface. It simply requires moisture, water, and dust to thrive. Since dust is everywhere, if it settles on a damp surface, it might begin to grow indoors.

That should give you an idea of the dangers of a damp or wet basement. However, basement waterproofing can prevent mold buildup from ever happening. Although mold typically stays unnoticed until it has developed, seeking the assistance of a qualified professional is a proactive decision. Certified specialists are trained to deal with mold in the home and are up to date on the latest products, techniques, and laws. Now, prevention is the greatest choice when it comes to keeping mold out of your home. So, if you discover a moisture or water problem, have it rectified or checked as soon as possible. With the benefits of basement waterproofing, there are two main types to consider, exterior basement waterproofing and interior basement waterproofing. Each with its own advantages and applications.

installation promo

EXTERNAL BASEMENT WATERPROOFING

External waterproofing is the ideal solution to stem water damage, or to prevent excess water from getting past the foundation into the basement. However, external waterproofing does cause disruption to the outside of the home. The soil and underlying gravel have to be removed in order to get a close look at defects on the outside of the foundation.

Power washing and then power drying the foundation walls is the best way to detect hairline cracks or fissures. Once the problem areas are uncovered, then each problem is handled separately. A flexible, cement sealant is applied to all the exposed areas of the foundation, which adds extra support and protection to the concrete foundation by strengthening the existing walls. Then a heavy polyurethane drainage mat is attached to the exposed walls. This extra protection on the outside ensures the foundation will ward off any excess buildup of groundwater.

Outside drainage is another part of the waterproofing solution. Many homes still have the old-fashioned clay weeping tiles, which degrade and clog over time. Outdated drainage pipes are replaced with modern weeping tiles, which are made of plastic and perforated so they don’t clog as easily. Done correctly, external waterproofing will keep the foundation and basement watertight for decades.

We are going to demonstrate the best practices of basement waterproofing that have been tested, proven and working for many years for all our clients. We are not talking about magic waterproof paints, channel drain tiles that sit on top of the footing, molding drainage system and e.c. None of them completely, and more important properly solve the wet basement issue. Most of the waterproofing systems have been designed for easy installation, and not for how well they will perform. That little box of tricks doesn’t take you very far. In fact, it sometimes takes you nowhere.

The real best practice isn’t a particular product at all. It is a well-defined series of steps that conduct to effectively performing system.

The Aquamaster’s approach is significantly different from quick fixes. It’s not based on guesswork, and it doesn’t have the excitement and appeal of magic products. Our solid knowledge, craft, skill, and expertise prove that it always works.

Exterior waterproofing is a method of repairing a leaky basement from the outside of your home by exposing the foundation and applying the necessary waterproofing material to create a foundation waterproofing system that redirects and disperses water away from your foundation walls. This is one of the most effective waterproofing options for basement leaks and the most typical method of basement foundation repair.

Aquamaster has been providing professional waterproofing to Toronto homes for many years. An external waterproofing solution is the best choice to provide the highest level of protection against basement flooding and water damage. Our experts understand the processes fully and we offer complete transparency in all the work we perform. We will explain every step of the process to you so that you will know what to expect from our work.

Poor foundation drainage, high levels of groundwater, major storms and foundation cracks can all contribute to a wet basement and water damage. We will consult with you and inspect your home, drainage systems and property. We look for any problem areas and will discuss the recommended solutions to provide you with permanent protection from leaks and moisture.

Every home is different and Aquamaster provides customized solutions for every job we complete. The work may involve repairing cracks with epoxy or replacing the waterproofing membrane along your foundations. In the majority of cases, external waterproofing involves digging down to the footers of your foundation to locate all the problem areas and ensure that your basement is fully protected.

On some occasions, we may not have to completely dig out the foundation. You may simply need to have your weeping tiles replaced or a French drain installed. If your existing drains are clogged, the groundwater will back up and place additional pressure on the foundation walls, forcing water into any cracks.

A complete inspection of your home’s drainage system and foundation is the only way to truly know what work needs to be done. The experts at Aquamaster will provide you with a customized plan to repair your basement that includes a full guarantee. We understand waterproofing in Toronto and the Greater Toronto area and our staff are experienced professionals.

basement waterproofing toronto
basement waterproofing toronto
basement waterproofing toronto

COMMON EXTERIOR LEAK PROBLEMS

BASEMENT WINDOW WELLS

Water penetration through your window sill can be caused by water buildup around near-grade basement windows. To remedy this, water entering your window area should be drained by adding or replacing defective window wells, as well as installing vertical weeping tile and a 3/4 gravel bedding. This will keep your foundation from leaking and your basement from flooding.

BLOCK OR BRICK FOUNDATION HOMES

Air gaps and mortar joints in block and brick walls may allow water to penetrate the crevices of your walls. Water infiltration inside block and brick foundations may be prevented and repaired using a mix of exterior and interior waterproofing methods. Water collecting between brick walls can be drained by drilling into the foundation’s interior to remove the water buildup.

JOINTS

Joint leaks occur at the intersections of your wall and footing, your basement floor and foundation, and joints where additional extensions have been installed. To repair and fill these various sorts of joints, hydraulic cement is used. The altered cement is critical to preventing more damage and water leaks.

TOP OF FOUNDATION

If the sill is not sealed or if the original seal has deteriorated, the area where the foundation meets the brick might become a source of water leakage. Maintaining the sill with a waterproof sealant is critical for resolving this problem and avoiding water infiltration into the sill. Water may still pass through this place even if there is no hydrostatic pressure.

INTERNAL BASEMENT WATERPROOFING

Internal basement waterproofing is another method of stopping water damage and flooding in your basement. While external repairs provide the best solution, an internal project can be performed when foundation digging is not optimal. The internal waterproofing method may be the best option depending on a specific criteria:

  1. The area surrounding the exterior cannot be accessed because the space is confined or the area cannot be reached.
  2. The water problem is not a foundation leak but a hydrostatic pressure problem, which means the groundwater under the concrete slab raises up and down and causes the water to penetrate through the basement slab or where the wall meets the floor. This groundwater can also mean there could be an underground creek where the house was built.
  3. The internal system is an economical solution for unfinished living areas.

INTERIOR WALL AND FLOOR SEALER

Internal waterproofing allows you to install drainage on the inside of your home, rerouting water intake to a correct point of release. The major advantage of implementing an internal waterproofing system is that it may collect water passing through the wall and beneath the footing.

Basement walls that have been pierced will be drained away by our drainage membrane, creating a barrier between your wall and your living space. Water that travels beneath the footing might cause wet spots and leaks on your basement floor, which will be covered by the drainage board and drained through new weeping tiles.

SUMP PUMPS

The fundamental component of every waterproofing system is a place where the water in the system may be discharged. When current drainage is clogged or there are no other drainage alternatives, your expert may recommend a sump pump installation. In your basement, a pit is dug to serve as the lowest point of your waterproofing system. Inside the pit, a high-quality plastic liner is put, allowing water to flow in by gravity drainage. The trigger of a sump pump, which ejects water from the sump pit to the exterior of the home, detects water buildup. We only utilize high-quality pumps and plumbing materials, and we also provide battery backup pumps that will keep working even if your power goes out.

Basement Water Proofing Toronto
Leaky Basement Repair Toronto
Leaky Basement Repair Toronto

Before we perform any work, we provide you with the same inspection service. This is important to ensure that we cover every problem that is leading to a wet basement issue. After we have identified all of the trouble areas, we will provide you with the best internal waterproofing solution for your unique needs.

Our internal waterproofing solutions may include repairing all cracks or breaks in your foundation walls, adding a waterproof membrane to the interior and replacing any defective weeping tiles. A French drain installation can also be part of your solution.

This image gives you an overview of some of the problems that cause a wet basement:

waterproofing
No matter how well your home was built, the basement can still develop leaks. Homes are constructed to meet industry and safety standards. However, over time, homes settle and the foundation walls and floor may crack. Other water problems may come from the water table under your home or changes in the city sewer system.

A small leak now can turn into a major problem as time passes. Leaks also create mold, mildew and water damage. This can end up requiring very costly repairs to your home. Professional basement waterproofing requires knowledge and skills, along with the right resources and tools. A fully effective treatment includes addressing drainage and adding sealers.

Once your basement is professionally waterproofed, it will remain dry. We guarantee this. Call us, or email us today, so we can provide you with an inspection and a cost effective solution to your leaky basement problem. Our licensed experts are ready to fix any type of foundation problem you are experiencing.

COMMON INTERIOR LEAK PROBLEMS

DAMP OR WET BASEMENT FLOORING

The source of water entering the basement through the concrete floor or where the basement walls meet the floor is most likely subterranean groundwater. Rising groundwater and saturation produce hydrostatic pressure during rainy weather, which pushes against the foundation and drives water through cracks and gaps in the concrete. This stress can cause cracks in the basement floor and walls.

VISIBLE WHITE SUBSTANCES ON WALLS

Limestone, clay, mortar, and aggregate make up concrete and the white border or patch you observe is calcium evaporating from the block. It is a sign of water or too much moisture and should be treated carefully. It is referred to as efflorescence. Since this will only show on concrete, you will only be able to see it if your basement is not finished. Other indicators will develop if your basement is experiencing excessive leaking, water damage will nearly always show some kind of warning indication.

PAINTED WALLS APPEAR DAMAGED

Paint can peel away from the surface it was painted on as it ages, similarly to peeling paint in older homes. It does not, however, flake off just because it is aged. Paint may peel for a variety of reasons, including the paint being the incorrect type for the material it was painted on, the surface not being properly prepared, or humidity or moisture in the walls you painted on. Wet surfaces will not hold paint. Water vapor will discolor it, causing it to peel off the wall or poke holes in it. This can be a direct indication that the walls of your basement are holding too much moisture or are very damp.

EXCESS RUSTING

Metal rusts when there is an abundance of moisture in the atmosphere. Rust can form on fuse boxes, water heaters, jack posts, and appliances due to excessive moisture and humidity. When rust occurs, remove it completely and repaint it as soon as possible, and then analyze the source of the moisture. The rust will return if not addressed immediately.

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